Do you want to know more about Apples?

Apples were one of the first plants people planted on purpose. DNA analysis indicates that the wild Malus sieversii is one of the key ancestors of all cultivated apples grown and eaten around the world.
Malus sieversii is a wild apple that is described as small but highly coloured with a very nice sweet flavour, originated in the mountains of Kazakhstan.
Almaty, the largest city and the former capital of Kazakhstan, derives its name from the Kazakh word for "apple" (Alma), and is often translated as "full of apples" (the region surrounding Almaty is home to forests of Malus sieversii); alma is also "apple" in other Turkic languages, as well as in Hungarian. The Soviet-era name, Alma-Ata, is Kazakh for "Father of Apples".
Apples are cross-pollinators, meaning they require pollen from another apple (of a different variety) in order to produce fruit. In a cross-pollinated system, pollen is carried by insect vectors such as honeybees or bumblebees to be transferred from one plant to another.
Pollen sources (pollinizers) can include many different types of apple. Therefore, the seeds produced inside the fruit will receive half of their genes from an outside pollen source.
A single apple will generally contain varieties of genetically different seeds. Planting 10 seeds from a single apple will likely produce 10 trees that differ from each other and from the parent. This is great for evolution, producing thousands of diverse apple varieties, adapted to different climates and environments from North Dakota to New Zealand. In apples, the only guarantee of reproducibility is grafting, which is how our modern eating apples are grown.

Apples in New Zealand:

Apples were introduced to New Zealand by Samuel Marsden in 1819 in Kerikeri.
Growing apples was initially for domestic consumption but later the export potential was realised. The first apples to be exported happened in 1888 from Christchurch to Chile, and exports to UK began in the 1890s.
Nelson became one of the main areas of apple production. In 1966 it contributed about two-thirds of the apple exports in New Zealand.
Since then, there has been considerable expansion in Hawke’s Bay. Over half the national export crop came from Hawke’s Bay and one-third from Nelson by 2008.

Apple Varieties in New Zealand:

New Zealand now contributes to 5% of the word’s apple export. There are over 8000 apple varieties and New Zealand only grows a few of them. New Zealand developed the Braeburn Apple which has been adopted internationally.
The recently developed local varieties are Pacific Rose, Jazz and Lemonade which have fantastic flavours and juice levels.
Other famous apple varieties grown in NZ are: Envy, Royal Gala, Pink Lady, Fuji and Dazzle.

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